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Home : Industry Interface: Reliability and Quality Assurance Last updated on: 31-May-2016

Reliability and Quality Assurance

Reliability & Quality Assurance Team of ISAC is the nodal entity in formulation of Quality Systems, procedures and guidelines and ensuring their compliance, for the realization of highly reliable Spacecraft Systems. Reliability & Quality Assurance activity is spread across the entire project life cycle and is a continuous process.

The objectives of Reliability & Quality Assurance are:
  • To minimize the number of defects which are undetected at a particular stage and surface at next levels of processes due to deficiencies in the Reliability Assurance Processes
  • To aim for Zero non-conformances in Reliability Assurance Processes
  • To strive for the highest level of customer satisfaction

In order to achieve above objectives, Reliability and Quality Assurance programme comprises of:

Parts, Materials and Process Assurance

  • Qualification and testing of EEE (Electrical, Electronics and Electro-Mechanical) parts.
  • Radiation characterization of electronic components & materials.
  • Qualification of electronic, mechanical, chemical and thermal fabrication processes.
  • Characterization of electronic & mechanical fabrication materials.
  • Acceptance Inspection/Testing of Printed Circuit Boards and solar panels
  • Space quality electronic fabrication training and certification
  • Contamination Control on Spacecraft being realized
  • Failure analysis of electronic components & mechanical parts.
  • Fabrication, testing, screening of Hybrid Micro Circuits and Microwave Integrated Circuits
  • Quality Assurance of procurement and use of special components

Design Assurance

  • Margin demonstration by analysis (Structure Thermal and Mechanism analysis using mathematical models)
  • Reliability Analysis ( WCCA, De-rating, FMEA, FMECA, FTA)
  • Design Review ( DDRC, CDR)
  • Validation by tests and correlation with analysis

Subsystem Qualification & Certification

  • Electrical Functional Testing is to confirm that the design meets or exceeds the basic performance requirements
  • Mechanical & Thermal Environmental Testing to ensure that the design is capable of operating under the expected range of environments & to identify workmanship and process induced defects
  • Life Testing - to demonstrate that the wear out mechanism does not affect functionality for mission life period
  • Generate adequate test/calibration data base for subsequent use in actual mission operations

Vendor Development, Certification & Management

  • Facility Certification
  • Operator Certification
  • Process Certification
  • Product Evaluation

Manufacturing Assurance

  • Declared Material List
  • Declared Processes List
  • Process Identification Document
  • Test & Evaluation
  • Surveillance during assembly, alignment and compatibility checks.
  • Quality Audit of hardware as well as facilities involved in fabrication, assembly and testing of onboard electronic components, mechanical parts, plating processes of subsystem and systems.

System Level Assurance

  • Reliability Analysis
  • Requirements compliance verification
  • Checklist for spacecraft level activities
  • R&QA assessment on systems performance
  • R&QA Appraisal on spacecraft to review committees
  • Inspection, testing and certification during spacecraft mechanical integration
  • Verification and validation of system specifications and requirements
  • System level Reliability Assurance
  • Inspection, testing and certification during spacecraft mechanical integration, thermal quality control and quality assurance
  • Package assembly on the spacecraft
  • Spacecraft mechanisms assembly & testing
  • Spacecraft Thermovacuum Test V&V
  • Spacecraft Dynamic Tests V&V
  • Testing and certification of MGSE

Software Assurance

  • Verification & Validation of On-Board software
  • Software standards & guidelines generation & updation
  • Vendor qualification for outsourcing some of the activities
  • Third Party Software validation like compiler / assembler and IP core
  • Assuring the quality of Software
  • ISRO Software Process Document (ISPD), an implementation guide of IEEE/EIA:12207 software framework, is applicable to all software activities.



Nonconformance Management

A system is established to review the non-conformances observed during the course of fabrication, assembly and testing. Various review boards will review the non-conformances observed during different phases of fabrication, assembly and testing. The non-conformances at fabrication stage shall be referred to Material Review Board (MRB). The aspects related to Specifications, Test & Evaluation, Non-conformances and Configuration control during different stages of realization of the Spacecraft will be reviewed by the following review boards

  • Subsystem Review Board (SSRB)
  • System Review Board (SRB)
  • Emergency System Review Board (ESRB)
  • Configuration Control & Management Board (CCMB)
  • Software Configuration & Non-conformance Control Board for Onboard Software

Core Competence of Reliability and Quality Assurance Team

  • Heritaged designs and comprehensive design reviews through design review committees
  • Well established quality assurance procedures for parts, materials and processes
  • Handling, storage and environmental control of parts and related hardware
  • Test & Evaluation and Reliability Engineering of subsystems and systems
  • Comprehensive qualification, evaluation and acceptance tests for parts, materials, processes
  • Training programs for quality control in the area of fabrication and inspection
  • Traceability control for parts through ICSDBS system and component level failure analysis capability
  • Special initiative towards ISO 9000 certification and zero defect program across ISRO centers - RQA certified for ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management System
  • Non conformance management through various review boards
  • Information exchange through quality day workshops and conferences
  • Integrating the lessons learned from ground testing and on-orbit failures for needed changes
  • Hi-Rel assembly specific guidelines, specifications, test procedures, associated documentation and control
  • Internal Quality Audits, Software Quality Assurance
  • Contamination control & Calibration
  • Sophisticated test facilities with well trained manpower
  • Collaborative technology development projects with academic institutes