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Home : Missions : Earth Observation

Last updated on: 06-Feb-2019

Earth Observation

The main objective of Earth observation satellites is to gather information about earth - physical, chemical and biological systems.

The application of Earth observation satellites are primarily in the areas of

  • Cartography, Oceanography, Meterology, Natural Resource Management & Space Science
  • Rural Development and Urban Management
  • Forest Cover and Bio resources
  • Weather monitoring and forecasting
  • River banks erosion and fresh water mapping
  • Climate impact on bio-diversity and wild life and its migration pattern
  • Monitoring and forecasting natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, cloud burst, glacier avalanches
  • Town / City planning for rails, roads, flyovers and bridges etc
  • Crop estimation and disease detection and loss estimation
  • Monitoring of Fish Shoals for fisheries
  • Mineralogy mapping and Monitoring

Small Satellites are for technology demonstration, scientific missions as well operational missions, with smaller payloads. ADCOS (Advisory Committee for Space Sciences) has been reviewing the proposals of scientific payloads and recommending the suitable missions for scientific satellites based on the value of the science outcome and the research potential. The requirements of the payloads and corresponding missions are studied to identify the required developments, satellite platform sub-systems and configure the satellite missions around IMS-1 and IMS-2 satellite buses.

PROJECT LAUNCH DATE LAUNCH PAD LAUNCH VEHICLE ORBIT
HYSIS 29-November-2018 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C43   Microsat 12-January-2018 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C40 350km PSSO with an inclination of  96.871 0 INS-1C 12-January-2018 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C40 505 km Cartosat-2 Series 4 12-January-2018 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C40 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of  97.44 0 Cartosat-2 Series 3 23-June-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C38 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of  97.44 0 Nanosatellite: INS-1B 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37   Nanosatellite: INS-1A 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37   Cartosat-2 Series 2 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of 97.460 RESOURCESAT - 2A 07-Dec-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C36 817 km SCATSAT-1 26-SEP-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C35 725 km from mean equatorial earth radius +/- 20 km,
LTDN: 9.20 hrs +/- 15 min
INSAT-3DR 08-SEP-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA GSLV-F05 Geostationary orbit /
74o East longitude
Cartosat-2 Series 1 22-JUN-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C34 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of
97.48o
INSAT-3D 26-JUL-2013 CSG, FRENCH GUIANA ARIANE-5 Geostationary
82oE longitude
SARAL 25-FEB-2013 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C20 785 Km, Inclination 98.53 deg, Local time: 6PM Descending, Polar Sun synchronous RISAT-1 26-APR-2012 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C19 536.38 Km MEGHA TROPIQUES 12-OCT-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C18 867 Km with an inclination of 20 deg to the equator RESOURCESAT-2 20-APR-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C16 822 Km (3 Sigma) (Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) YOUTHSAT 20-APR-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C16 817Km, Inclination 98.71 deg, Local time: 10.30AM, Polar Sun synchronous CARTOSAT-2B 12-JUL-2010 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C15 630 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) OCEANSAT-2 23-SEP-2009 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C14 720 Kms (Near Polar Sun Synchronous) IMS-I 28-APR-2008 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C9 636.2 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) CARTOSAT-2A 28-APR-2008 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C9 635 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) CARTOSAT-2 10-JAN-2007 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C7 630 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) HAMSAT 05-MAY-2005 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C6 618 km Polar Sun Synchronous IRS-P5
(CARTOSAT-I)
05-MAY-2005 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C6 618 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous)
IRS-P6
(RESOURCESAT-I)
17-OCT-2003 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C5 817 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous)
METSAT
(KALPANA-1)
12-SEP-2002 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C4 Geostationary
74oE longitude
TES 22-OCT-2001 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C3 572 Kms (Sun Synchronous) IRS-P4
(OCEANSAT-I)
26-MAY-1999 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C2 720 km (Sun Synchronous)
IRS-1D 29-SEP-1997 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C1 740 x 817 Kms IRS-P3 21-MAR-1996 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D3 817 Kms(Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) IRS-1C 28-DEC-1995 BAIKANUR COSMODROME MOLNIYA 817 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) IRS-P2 15-OCT-1994 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D2 817 Kms(Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) IRS-1E 20-SEP-1993 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D1 Not Realised (Polar Sun Synchronous) IRS-1B 29-AUG-1991 BAIKANUR COSMODROME VOSTOK 904 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) IRS-1A 17-MAR-1988 BAIKANUR COSMODROME VOSTOK 904 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) ROHINI (RS - D2) 17-APR-1983 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA SLV-3 371 x 861 km BHASKARA-2 20-NOV-1981 VOLVOGRADE C-1, Intercosmos 541 x 557 Kms (Near Circular) ROHINI (RS - D1) 31-MAY-1981 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA SLV-3 186 x 418 Km BHASKARA-1 07-JUN-1979 VOLVOGRADE C-1, Intercosmos 519 x 541 Kms (Near Circular)