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Home : Science Promotion : Scientific Payloads Last updated on: 01-Apr-2015

Scientific Payloads

Starting with ground based and balloon borne experiments in the 1940s, the Indian space science research activities were actually initiated with the launching of sounding rockets from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in 1963 to measure the equatorial electrojet parameters. Since then large number of rocket and balloon borne experiments have provided new data on upper atmospheric phenomena, cosmic rays and energetic x-ray and gamma rays. With the advent of satellite era, scientific experimental payloads have been launched starting from the first Indian satellite Aryabhata.

Payload Functional description Project
X-ray Aeronomy Solar Neutrons & Gamma X-Ray Aeronomy experiment Solar Neutrons & Gamma detection Space astronomy Aryabhata
Astronomy/stellar X-ray, Gamma ray Detection Space astronomy Rohini Satellites
IXAP Indian X-Ray Astronomy Payload (IXAP) Space astronomy IRS-P3
SOLRAD Solar Radiation Monitor Space astronomy Youthsat
LiHySI, Limb-View Hyper spectral Imager Space astronomy Youthsat
RaBIT Radio Beacon for Ionospheric tomogram Ionospheric studies

TMC Terrain Mapping Camera information about the surface features for 3D imaging of Lunar surface Chandrayaan-1
LLRI Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument (LLRI) for determining accurate altitude of the spacecraft above the lunar surface for topographical mapping Chandrayaan-1
HEX High Energy X-ray payload (HEX)

for measuring210Pb, 222Rn degassing, U, Th etc

MIP Moon Impact Probe(MIP)

payload for exploration of the moon from close range and impacting on the moon

LEX Low Energy X-ray (LEX) Payload (CIXS). Space astronomy - X-ray spectrometer Chandrayaan-1
MINISAR Mini SAR for detection of water ice in thepermanently shadowed regions on theLunar poles up to a depth of a fewmeters Chandrayaan-1

Near InfraredSpectrometer

Investigations of the process of basin,Maria and crater formation on theMoon

RaDoM Radiation Dose monitor To qualitatively and quantitativelycharacterize, in terms of particle flux, dose rate and deposited energyspectrum, the radiation environment in near moon space Chandrayaan-1
SARA Sub-KeV Atom Reflecting Analyser

for imaging the Moon surface usinglow energy neutral atoms asdiagnostics in the energy range 10eV-2keV

MMM Moon Mineralogy Mapper spectrometer for characterization andmapping lunar surface mineralogy in the context of lunar geological evolution Chandrayaan-1
LAP Lyman Alpha Photometer absorption cell photometer MOM
MSM Methane Sensor for Mars Measures Methane (CH4) in the Martian atmosphere MOM
MENCA Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser a quadruple mass spectrometer capable of analysing the neutral composition in the range of 1 to 300 amu with unit mass resolution MOM
MCC Mars Color Camera images & information about the surface features and composition of Martian surface MOM
TIRIS Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer Measure the thermal emission and can be operated during both day and night. MOM