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Home : Missions : Earth Observation

Last updated on: 23-June-2017

Earth Observation

The main objective of Earth observation satellites is to gather information about earth - physical, chemical and biological systems.

The application of Earth observation satellites are primarily in the areas of

  • Cartography, Oceanography, Meterology, Natural Resource Management & Space Science
  • Rural Development and Urban Management
  • Forest Cover and Bio resources
  • Weather monitoring and forecasting
  • River banks erosion and fresh water mapping
  • Climate impact on bio-diversity and wild life and its migration pattern
  • Monitoring and forecasting natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, cloud burst, glacier avalanches
  • Town / City planning for rails, roads, flyovers and bridges etc
  • Crop estimation and disease detection and loss estimation
  • Monitoring of Fish Shoals for fisheries
  • Mineralogy mapping and Monitoring

Small Satellites are for technology demonstration, scientific missions as well operational missions, with smaller payloads. ADCOS (Advisory Committee for Space Sciences) has been reviewing the proposals of scientific payloads and recommending the suitable missions for scientific satellites based on the value of the science outcome and the research potential. The requirements of the payloads and corresponding missions are studied to identify the required developments, satellite platform sub-systems and configure the satellite missions around IMS-1 and IMS-2 satellite buses.

PROJECT LAUNCH DATE LAUNCH PAD LAUNCH VEHICLE ORBIT PAYLOAD
Cartosat-2 Series 3 23-June-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C38 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of  97.44 0 Panchromatic camera with 0.65m resolution 4 Bands Multispectral camera with 2.0 m with a swath of 10 km. Nanosatellite: INS-1B 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37   EELA from Laboratory for Electro optics systems
Estimation of interplanetary hydrogen Lyman-alpha background flux by means of deep space observations.
MMX-TD from Space Application Centre - Remote Sensing Colour camera
Nanosatellite: INS-1A 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37   SBR & SEUM from Space Application Centre
SBR: BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function) of the Earth surface which will take readings of the reflectance of different surface features due to sun albedo
SEUM will monitor single event upsets (SEU) occurring due to high energy radiation in the space environment in COTS components.
Cartosat-2 Series 2 15-Feb-2017 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C37 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of 97.460 Panchromatic camera with 0.65m resolution 4 Bands Multispectral camera with 2.0 m with a swath of 10 km. RESOURCESAT - 2A 07-Dec-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C36 817 km LISS-4, LISS-3, AWiFS SCATSAT-1 26-SEP-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV- C35 725 km from mean equatorial earth radius +/- 20 km,
LTDN: 9.20 hrs +/- 15 min
Ku-Band Pencil Beam Scatterometer
INSAT-3DR 08-SEP-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA GSLV-F05 Geostationary orbit /
74o East longitude
6 channel Imager
19 channel Sounder
Data Relay Transponder (DRT)
Satellite Aided Search & Rescue (S&SR) payloads
Cartosat-2 Series 1 22-JUN-2016 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C34 505 Kms Polar Sun Synchronous orbit with an inclination of
97.48o
Onboard Autonomy,
Macro Based Payload Sequencer , AOS commanding ,
New features like DWT compression, VIT mode, NUC for both PAN and MX,
Slice redundancy compression system
INSAT-3D 26-JUL-2013 CSG, FRENCH GUIANA ARIANE-5 Geostationary
82oE longitude
6 channel Imager,
19 channel Sounder,
Data Relay Transponder (DRT),
Satellite Aided Search & Rescue (S&SR) payloads
SARAL 25-FEB-2013 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C20 785 Km, Inclination 98.53 deg, Local time: 6PM Descending, Polar Sun synchronous Altika, Argos, C-Band Transponder RISAT-1 26-APR-2012 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C19 536.38 Km SAR MEGHA TROPIQUES 12-OCT-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C18 867 Km with an inclination of 20 deg to the equator MADRAS,SAPHIR,ScaRaB & ROSA RESOURCESAT-2 20-APR-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C16 822 Km (3 Sigma) (Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-4, LISS-3
AWiFS-A, AWiFS-B & AIS
YOUTHSAT 20-APR-2011 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C16 817Km, Inclination 98.71 deg, Local time: 10.30AM, Polar Sun synchronous LiVHySI, RABIT, SOLRAD CARTOSAT-2B 12-JUL-2010 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C15 630 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) Panchromatic Camera OCEANSAT-2 23-SEP-2009 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C14 720 Kms (Near Polar Sun Synchronous) OCM, SCAT and ROSA IMS-I 28-APR-2008 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C9 636.2 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) Multi spectral camera (Mx-T)
Hyper spectral camera (HySI-T)
CARTOSAT-2A 28-APR-2008 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C9 635 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) Panchromatic Camera CARTOSAT-2 10-JAN-2007 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C7 630 Km (Polar Sun Synchronous) Panchromatic Camera HAMSAT 05-MAY-2005 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C6 618 km Polar Sun Synchronous Communication payloads for Amateur Radio services IRS-P5
(CARTOSAT-I)
05-MAY-2005 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C6 618 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) PAN FORE : PAN-AFT
IRS-P6
(RESOURCESAT-I)
17-OCT-2003 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C5 817 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-4, LISS-3, AWiFS-A, AWiFS-B
METSAT
(KALPANA-1)
12-SEP-2002 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C4 Geostationary
74oE longitude
VHRR imageries in visible, thermal infra red and WV bands
Weather Data Relay Transponder (DRT)
TES 22-OCT-2001 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C3 572 Kms (Sun Synchronous) PAN IRS-P4
(OCEANSAT-I)
26-MAY-1999 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C2 720 km (Sun Synchronous) OCM & MSMR
IRS-1D 29-SEP-1997 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-C1 740 x 817 Kms PAN, LISS-3 & WiFS IRS-P3 21-MAR-1996 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D3 817 Kms(Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) WiFS, MOS, IXAP, CBT IRS-1C 28-DEC-1995 BAIKANUR COSMODROME MOLNIYA 817 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) PAN, LISS-3, WiFS IRS-P2 15-OCT-1994 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D2 817 Kms(Circular Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-2 A, LISS-2 B IRS-1E 20-SEP-1993 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA PSLV-D1 Not Realised (Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-1, MEOSS IRS-1B 29-AUG-1991 BAIKANUR COSMODROME VOSTOK 904 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-1, LISS-2A, LISS-2B IRS-1A 17-MAR-1988 BAIKANUR COSMODROME VOSTOK 904 Kms (Polar Sun Synchronous) LISS-1, LISS-2A, LISS-2B ROHINI (RS - D2) 17-APR-1983 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA SLV-3 371 x 861 km Smart Sensor, L-band Beacon BHASKARA-2 20-NOV-1981 VOLVOGRADE C-1, Intercosmos 541 x 557 Kms (Near Circular) TV camera system, Satellite Microwave Radiometer system,Experimental Solar Cell Degradation Study ROHINI (RS - D1) 31-MAY-1981 SHAR, SRIHARIKOTA SLV-3 186 x 418 Km Landmark Tracker BHASKARA-1 07-JUN-1979 VOLVOGRADE C-1, Intercosmos 519 x 541 Kms (Near Circular) Storage TV camera system, Satellite Microwave Radiometer

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Indian Remote Sensing Missions and Payload - A Glance (Aryabhata to RISAT)8.5 MBPDFDownload Cilck here for help